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Hip hop music, also known as rap, is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by African Americans and Hispanics from urban areas. in the Bronx area of ​​New York in the 1970s. It consists of stylized rhythmic music that usually accompanies rap, rhythmic and rhyming speech that is sung.

Hip hop as a genre of music and culture took shape in the 1970s when block parties became increasingly popular in New York City, especially among African American youth living in the Bronx. At block parties, DJs played percussion breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same recording, alternating one after the other and increasing the “pause”. The early evolution of hip hop came when sampling technology and drum machines became widely available and accessible. Along with the interruptions, turntablist techniques such as scratching and beat-match were developed, and Jamaican toast, a vocal style of singing was used over the beats. Rap developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or sings rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat.

Hip-hop music was not officially recorded for radio or television playback until 1979, largely due to poverty during the genre’s inception and lack of acceptance outside the ghetto areas. Old school hip hop was the first mainstream wave in the genre, marked by disco influences and party-oriented lyrics. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip-hop as the genre developed more sophisticated styles and spread throughout the world. New school hip-hop was the second wave of the genre, marked by its electro sound, and led to the golden age of hip-hop, a pioneering period between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. The gangsta rap subgenre, focused on the violent lifestyles and poor living conditions of downtown African American youth, became popular during this time. In the early to mid-1990s, West Coast hip-hop was dominated by G-funk, while East Coast hip-hop was dominated by jazz rap, alternative hip-hop and hardcore rap. During this time, hip hop continued to diversify with the emergence of other regional styles such as southern rap and Atlanta hip hop.

The popularity of hip-hop continued from the late 1990s to the mid-2000s, and the influence of hip-hop increasingly permeated other genres of popular music such as neo-soul, nu-metal, and R&B. The United States also saw the success of regional styles such as crank, a southern genre that put more emphasis on beats and music than lyrics, and alternative hip-hop began to take hold in the mainstream, thanks in part to the cross-success of its artists. In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the “era of blogging” rappers were able to gain popularity through online methods of distributing music such as social media and blogging, and mainstream hip-hop took a more melodic and sensitive direction after its commercial decline. gangsta rap. The trap and mumble rap subgenres became the most popular form of hip-hop in the mid to late 2010s and early 2020s. In 2017, hip hop usurped rock music as the most popular genre in the United States.

 

Rap, Hip Hop, R&B

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